MATH SOLVE

4 months ago

Q:
# From Jan. 1, 1960 to Jan. 1, 1985, the historical average annual rate of return in the hypothetical country of Westeros was 12%. The annual standard deviation of the rate of return is 10%. What is the upper bound of the 95.4% confidence interval for the annual rate of return based on this information?

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Answer:What is the upper bound of the 95.4% confidence interval for the annual rate of return based on this information?34%Step-by-step explanation:1) Previous conceptsA confidence interval is "a range of values that’s likely to include a population value with a certain degree of confidence. It is often expressed a % whereby a population means lies between an upper and lower interval".The margin of error is the range of values below and above the sample statistic in a confidence interval.Normal distribution, is a "probability distribution that is symmetric about the mean, showing that data near the mean are more frequent in occurrence than data far from the mean".[tex]\bar X=12[/tex] represent the sample mean for the sample [tex]\mu[/tex] population mean (variable of interest)[tex]\sigma=10[/tex] represent the population standard deviation2) Confidence intervalThe confidence interval for the variable of interest, is given by the following formula:[tex]\bar X \pm z_{\alpha/2}\sigma[/tex] (1)Since the Confidence is 0.954 or 95.4%, the value of [tex]\alpha=0.046[/tex] and [tex]\alpha/2 =0.023[/tex], and we can use excel, a calculator or a table to find the critical value. The excel command would be: "=-NORM.INV(0.023,10,1)".And we see that [tex]z_{\alpha/2}=2.00[/tex]Now we have everything in order to replace into formula (1):[tex]12-2.00(10)=-10[/tex] [tex]12+2.00(10)=34[/tex]So on this case the 99% confidence interval would be given by (-10%;34%) since the lower bound not have practical interpretation we are just interested on the upper bound.What is the upper bound of the 95.4% confidence interval for the annual rate of return based on this information?34%